Global health and safety standards
To facilitate greater commonality in performance across all Skanska business units, sixteen Global Health and Safety Standards have been put in place, spanning from training to audits.
1. Introduction training for all employess
Studies show that people are more likely to have accidents when they are new to their work environment. That is why all new starts on Skanska workplaces are required to receive a day one safety induction.
2. Incident management
Understanding the nature and causes of accidents, incidents and near misses at our workplaces is essential knowledge for preventing recurrence. Having processes and procedures that collect, collate and communicate causes and actions to prevent recurrence is a vital part of the safety management system.
3. Risk assessment
Identifying safety hazards and mitigating the risk is a key step to delivering an injury free workplace. This Skanska standard stresses the use of safety briefings as a means to communicate the risks and controls.
4. Personal protective equipment
Personal protective equipment is the last line of defence in preventing injury and not the first option. In Skanska managing the safety risk comes first.
5. Management of vehicles on site
Man – machine interface only has one winner. This standard focusses on planning and controlling the vehicles movements on the jobsite.
6. Overhead /underground services
Activities associated with working adjacent to overhead and underground services such as gas, water, electrical power lines, fuel pipelines, structures and other hazards requires detailed planning.
7. Electrical safety
Overhead and underground electrical services are a constant hazard for construction sites whether they be in urban or rural areas. Having strong procedures to manage the risk is essential to the safety working alongside high voltage power lines.
8. Working at height
In Skanska we recognise that falls from height are responsible for more fatalities and serious injuries than any other category of accident in the construction industry worldwide. Therefore it is essential that whatever the height the risks of injury are controlled.
9. Temporary work structures
On Skanska jobsites all temporary works of every kind that are required on site for the construction of the Permanent Works are covered by this safety standard including ;Falsework and formwork systems, supports for deep excavation and working platforms for heavy mobile equipment including cranes and piling rigs.
10. Excavation and trenching
In carrying out excavation and trenching activities ground conditions can vary, even in short distances. A small fall of earth is capable of inﬂicting serious or even fatal injuries. Design and installation of systems by qualified personnel is a key element of the standard.
11. Lifting operations
Lifting operations are an everyday activity on construction sites but they represent one of the highest risk activities. Lifting operations can be undertaken by a variety of equipment powered or manual including cranes, excavators, piling rigs, gantry cranes, forklift and telehandlers. On Skanska jobsites all lifting is covered by this safety standard.
12. Confined spaces
Confined spaces are work environments that by their nature have restricted space and ventilation and are therefore at risk of fumes or fire. Controlling access egress and the work activities in these spaces is essential.
13. Fire prevention
Construction sites are at risk from fire particularly during the latter stages as more flammable materials are introduced to the building. Planning, control of activities and emergency response are ways to reduce potential accidents.
14. Fixed facilities
This standard provides a general approach to develop specific Fixed Facilities Safety Plan (FFSP) all types of fixed facilities in Skanska.
15. Safe management of goods
For goods delivered from sellers to our worksites and fixed facilities requires a delivery plan, which covers all safety issues arising during the procurement stage, post award and the delivery at a Skanska worksite. It is used in conjunction with guidance on “Safe Loading / Unloading of vehicles”.
16. Safety audit
This standard sets the minimum requirements to establish an internal safety audit process, in order to evaluate the effectiveness of the safety management system implemented and identify opportunities for improvement. Additional local legislation requirements must be complied with at all times.